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E-Mail Lists

E-mail lists are used for the exchange of information within a certain number of participants and prove to be a good alternative to communication in newsgroups, where conversations can get out of hand. The HRZ uses the software package Majordomo to manage and administrate e-mail lists, which makes the maintenance of such lists very easy.

Addressing the lists
An e-mail list contains the e-mail addresses of all participants in one common address. An e-mail to this list address will be sent to every member of the list.
Lists on the listserver of the HRZ will be addressed like this:
What kind of lists can be used?
When it comes to e-mail lists, you have to distinguish between closed and public lists. The appointed list manager manages the members of a closed list. He or she will receive the participation requests, and can therefore add someone to the list or refuse the access. Public lists can be subscribed or unsubscribed by practically everybody.
Additionally, an e-mail list can feature the attribute moderated. With moderated lists, posts will initially go to the list manager. Once he gives his approval by using a Majordomo command (see commands for list managers), he can publish the post in the list. He or she can also ignore a post.
How can I communicate with the Majordomo listserver?
Majordomo commands are sent via e-mail to:
The commands have to be typed into the e-mail body (not in the subject field) and should conclude with “end” if other information follows in the e-mail body, such as a signature. Otherwise, Majordomo might interpret it as another command. There can only be one command per row.
Majordomo commands:
  • help                                                        

Offers a description of the feasible commands of the Majordomo-software.


How to become a list participant

  • subscribe Name of list [E-mail address]   

Use the information from the FROM-field, if the e-mail address is not indicated.

How to unsubscribe a list
  • unsubscribe Name of list [E-mail address]

When unsubscribing from a list, please make sure to use the exact same character string that is shown with the Majordomo command. These details will be sent to you after subscribing to an e-mail list.

How to get information about e-mail lists
  • which [E-Mail-address]                               

lists that a certain recipient is subscribed to

  • info Name of list                              

Description of the list Name of List

  • lists                                                 

Information on lists that are on the list server.

  • end

End of majordomo command


The list manager will gladly receive questions or remarks that concern certain lists to this address:
Majordomo commands for list managers:
After the set-up of a list, the list manager will receive a password for the access of that list. He or she can then use the following commands in e-mails to:
  • approve password (un)subscribe Name of list E-mail address

Subscribing- and unsubscribing of list members


  • approve password who Name of list  

Member of the list Name of list


  • newinfo Name of list Password   

Replacement of list information on the list server. The text following this command will be assumed as the new information text.


  • passwd Name of list Old Password New Password                                           

Changing the list password


  • Approve Password

Approving of a post in a moderated list.

The set-up of new e-mail lists
Requests concerning the set-up of new e-mail lists or questions regarding the listserver, etc. are gladly received at
The lists should refer to subjects that are related to research and teaching. List requests should also come with a short description (about 3 sentences) entailing the purpose of the list, the address of the list manager and the specification if the list should be closed, public or moderated.

Further questions regarding e-mail lists can be dirceted to: 


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